What Is Software Testing and What Are the 10 Types of Testing?
Software Testing is a process to examine whether the genuine software product equals demanded requirements and to assure that the software product is free from any kind of defect. It involves the performance analysis of software/system components using manual or automated tools to assess one or more fields of interest. The purpose of various types of software testing is to recognize errors, breaks, or missing elements in contradiction to actual requirements.
Some prefer saying examples of software testing description as White Box and Black Box Testing. In plain terms, Software Testing means the Confirmation of Application Under Test (AUT). These types of software Testing blogs include testing software to the public and explains the importance of software testing.
Different Types of Software Testing
This article describes only a few of the most basic types of software testing.
1. Unit Testing
Testing each segment or module of your software project is recognized as unit testing. To achieve this sort of testing, experience in programming is required. So only programmers do this variety of tests and not testers. You have to do a surpassing deal of unit testing as you should test each unit of code in your plan.
2. Integration testing
After combining the modules, you want to see if the connected modules work collectively or not. This type of testing is appreciated as integration testing. You need to deliver fewer integration analyses than unit tests. Some useful tools during the unit and integration testing are Jasmine, Mocha, etc.
3. End-to-end Testing
End-to-end testing is the practical testing of the complete software system. When you test the whole software system, such testing is described as end-to-end testing. You require to make fewer end-to-end tests than integration tests. Cucumber, Protractor, Jasmine, Karma, etc. are some excellent end-to-end testing tools that you could make use of.
4. User Interface Testing
User interface testing includes the examination of the application’s user interface. UI tests intend to verify whether the user interfaces have been produced according to what is specified in the requirements stipulations report. By running UI tests, you can make the application’s user interfaces extra user-friendly and pleasing to the eyes. Some prominent automated user interface testing means are Monkey test for Android, Saucelabs, and Protractor.
5. Accessibility testing
Testing whether your software is available to disabled personages or not is called accessible testing. For this type of test, you need to verify if disabled people such as those who are color blind, blind, and deafened can manage your application. The right choice of color and contrast requires to be done to make your software easy to color-blind people.
6. Alpha testing
Alpha testing is a sort of testing to look for all the mistakes and concerns in the whole software. This kind of test is done at the terminal phase of app development and is conducted at the place of the developers, before beginning the product or before passing it to the client to ensure that the user/client receives an error-free software application. Alpha testing is run before the beta testing, which suggests that after completing alpha testing, you want to run beta testing. Alpha testing is not implemented in the real environment. Rather, this kind of test is made by building a virtual environment that matches a real environment.
7. Beta testing
As said earlier, beta testing takes the spot after alpha testing. Beta testing is done ere to the launch of the product. It is offered out in a real user environment by a restricted number of actual customers or users, to be sure that the software is error-free and it functions easily. After collecting feedback and helpful review from those users, some changes are made to obtain the software properly. So when the software is resulting beta testing, it is declared as the beta version of the software. After this testing is finished, the software is delivered to the public.
8. Ad-hoc testing
As the name suggests, ad-hoc testing is a variety of testing that is implemented in an ad-hoc manner, without using either test cases, plans, documentation, or practices. Unlike all other varieties of testing, this kind of testing is not taken out systematically. Although detecting errors can be challenging without using test cases, there are mechanical issues that are readily identified through an ad-hoc test but are tough to find through other testing programs that use test cases. This common type of software testing can be performed by any person associated with the project.
9. Compatibility testing
Compatibility testing requires compatibility checking of the software with various operating systems, web browsers, network environments, hardware, and so on. It indicates whether the advanced software application is running fine with different contours.
10. Backward compatibility testing
Backward compatibility testing is taken out to test if a brand new or an updated version of an application is harmonious with the earlier versions of the environments (such as operating systems and web browsers) on which the software operates. Sometimes, some application is refreshed correctly to match the standard and style of a unique, more modern environment. In that circumstance, support for backward adaptability is required. Backward compatibility examination ensures that all those who are using the more classical versions of a particular environment can handle your software.
This article described several kinds of software testing. Keep in consciousness that you don’t need to complete all of these tests suggested in this post for your software project. What sorts of tests you should run depends on the type of software you’re building and other determinants. For more details on testing contact top software development companies in Toronto like Skyhidev.
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